Indica VS Sativa

Cannabis is a versatile plant that is cultivated worldwide for its flowers rich in cannabinoids, chemical compounds that interact with the endocannabinoid system of the human body. There are two main types of cannabis: indica strains and sativa strains. But do you know the differences between indica and sativa plants?

Indica and Sativa plants differ in several aspects, including their appearance, effects and flowering time. We explain them below in this blog.

Appearance 

Indica and sativa plants have notable differences in their physical appearance. Indicas tend to be shorter and more compact, with wide, short leaves and thicker, denser branches. Sativas, on the other hand, tend to be taller and thinner, with narrower, more elongated leaves and more widely spaced branches.

Another important difference in the appearance of indica and sativa cannabis plants is found in the flowers. Indica strains tend to have denser, more compact flowers, while the flowers of sativa strains tend to be more elongated and spaced out.

In addition, Indica flowers tend to be larger and bulkier, while Sativa flowers are smaller and less dense.

Effects

One of the most notable differences between indica and sativa plants is their effects. Indicas are known for their relaxing and sedative effects, making them ideal for use at night or to try to treat chronic pain and sleep disorders. On the other hand, sativas are known for their energizing and stimulating effects, making them ideal for use during the day or for trying to increase creativity and concentration.

The cannabinoid profile of indica and sativa strains is responsible for their different effects. Indica strains tend to have a higher content of cannabinoids such as THC, which gives them a more potent and relaxing effect. On the other hand, sativas tend to have a higher content of cannabinoids such as CBD, which has therapeutic properties and does not produce the psychoactive effects associated with THC.

In addition to cannabinoids, cannabis strains also contain terpenes, compounds that are responsible for the characteristic aroma and flavor of the plant. Indica strains tend to have a more complex and diverse terpene profile, with aromas and flavors that include notes of earth, pine and spice. Sativas, on the other hand, tend to have a more fruity and floral terpene profile, with aromas and flavors that include notes of lemon, mango and mint.

If you want to learn a little more about terpenes, we recommend you to read our blog: "Terpenes in cannabis: what they are and how they influence".

Flowering time

Indica and sativa plants also differ in flowering time, i.e. the time it takes for the plants to develop and mature their flowers. Indica strains usually have a shorter flowering time, ranging from 6 to 8 weeks, while sativa strains can take up to 12 weeks to fully flower.

This means that indica plants are harvested earlier than sativa plants, making them more popular with growers looking for a quick harvest.

Another difference in flowering time between indica and sativa plants is in the vegetative growth period. Sativa strains tend to have a longer vegetative growth period, which can last up to 3 months, while indica strains tend to have a shorter vegetative growth period of approximately 1 to 2 months.

This means that sativa plants can grow much larger before they start flowering, resulting in bigger and taller plants overall.

In a nutshell

Indica and Sativa cannabis plants are different in several aspects, including their physical appearance, effects and flowering time.

Indica strains are known for their possible relaxing and sedative effects, their compact appearance and their dense flowers. While sativa varieties are known for their possible energizing and stimulating effect, their tall and slender appearance and their more spaced flowers. 

In addition, indica plants tend to have a shorter flowering time, while sativa plants may take longer to flower and have a longer vegetative growth period.

It is important to note that these differences between indica and sativa plants are not always so clear-cut. There are many hybrid cannabis strains that combine characteristics of both strains, which means that there may be strains that have intermediate effects and appearances. 

It should also be noted that the chemical composition of each plant can be altered. It all depends on genetics, growing environment and harvesting and drying methods. 

Therefore, it is important to know each variety well before consuming or growing it. To understand its specific characteristics and to be able to choose the variety that best suits your needs and preferences.

Do you know Positronics marijuana seeds strains?

If you have any doubts about which of our Positronics Seeds varieties is the best for you, contact us atwe will be happy to help you.

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